Proposition 14

If with any straight line, and at a point on it, two straight lines not lying on the same side make the sum of the adjacent angles equal to two right angles, then the two straight lines are in a straight line with one another.

With any straight line AB, and at the point B on it, let the two straight lines BC and BD not lying on the same side make the sum of the adjacent angles ABC and ABD equal to two right angles.

I say that line BD is in a straight line with line CB.

If line BD is not in a straight line with line CB, then produce line BE in a straight line with line CB.

Since the straight line AB stands on the straight CBE, therefore the sum of the angles ABC and ABE equals two right angles. But the sum of the angles ABC and ABD also equals two right angles, therefore the sum of the angles CBA and ABE equals the sum of the angles CBA and ABD.

Subtract the angle CBA from each. Then the remaining angle ABE equals the remaining angle ABD, the less equals the greater, which is impossible. Therefore line BE is not in a straight line with line CB.

Similarly we can prove that neither is any other straight line except line BD. Therefore line CB is in a straight line with line BD.

Therefore if with any straight line, and at a point on it, two straight lines not lying on the same side make the sum of the adjacent angles equal to two right angles, then the two straight lines are in a straight line with one another.
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